This up-to-date introduction to kinematic analysis ensures relevance by using actual machines and mechanisms throughout. MACHINES & MECHANISMS, 4/e provides the techniques necessary to study the motion of machines while emphasizing the application of kinematic theories to real-world problems. State-of-the-art techniques and tools are utilized, and analytical techniques are presented without complex mathematics. Reflecting instructor and student feedback, this Fourth Edition’s extensive improvements include: a new section introducing special-purpose mechanisms; expanded descriptions of kinematic properties; clearer identification of vector quantities through standard boldface notation; new timing charts; analytical synthesis methods; and more. All end-of-chapter problems have been reviewed, and many new problems have been added.